Nettle (urtica dioica)
Origin & Description
Nettle is a perennial which grows in both temperate and tropical wasteland areas of the world. It was cultivated in Scotland for the fibers in the stalks used to make a linen-like cloth. It was also naturalized in Brazil and other regions of South America.
This herb is known for its pointed, hairy leaves, which sting when they touch the skin. The name urtica originates from the Latin verb urere, which means "to burn". Nettle has flowers which range in color from white to yellow, roots and leaves are most commonly used for medicinal purposes.
Some of the common names used are great stinging nettle, big string nettle, common nettle, gerrais, ortiga and urtiga.
Constituents & Actions
Nettle is a good source of iron, vitamin C, potassium, minerals, chlorophyll, amino acids, lecithin, carotenoids, flavonoids, sterols, tanning and various other vitamins. The stinging Nettle leaves contain chemicals such as formic acid, histamine, serotonin and choline.
Influences related to the body are alterative, antiseptic, astringent, diuretic, expectorant, galactagogue, hemostatic, nutritive and tonic.